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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of background characteristics, prevalence and 95% confidence intervals of smoking, chewing and any tobacco use among survey participants included in the analysis

From: Prevalence, distribution and correlates of tobacco smoking and chewing in Nepal: a secondary data analysis of Nepal Demographic and Health Survey-2006

Characteristic Participants (%) Prevalence of Tobacco smoking Prevalence of tobacco chewing Prevalence of any tobacco use
Overall 15190 20.7 (19.5, 22.0) 14.6 (13.5, 15.7) 30.3 (28.9, 31.7)
Age groups (in years)
14-19 3376 (22.2) 4.3 (3.5,5.4) 4.7 (3.7, 5.8) 7.7 (6.6, 9.0)
20-29 4989 (32.8) 12.0 (10.7, 13.4) 11.9 (10.8, 13.2) 20.5 (18.9, 22.2)
30-39 3485 (22.9) 27.5 (25.3, 29.8) 18.8 (17.0, 20.7) 39.6 (37.2, 42.1)
40-49 2785 (18.3) 41.4 (38.8, 44.0) 19.7 (17.5, 22.2) 53.3 (50.6, 56.0)
50-59 555 (3.7) 50.0 (44.8, 55.2) 45.5 (38.7, 52.5) 78.4 (73.5, 82.5)
Sex
Male 4397 (28.9) 32.8 (30.6, 35.2) 38.0 (35.8, 40.3) 56.5 (54.1, 58.8)
Female 10793 (71.1) 15.8 (14.5, 17.1) 5.0 (4.3, 5.8) 19.6 (18.3, 21.0)
Marital status
Currently married 11343 (74.7) 24.4 (22.9, 26.0) 16.9 (15.5, 18.3) 35.4 (33.7, 37.2)
Never married 3364 (22.1) 5.7 (4.7, 6.9) 6.3 (5.2, 7.5) 10.2 (8.9, 11.6)
Divorced/separated/widowed 483 (3.2) 39.4 (34.1, 45.1) 18.4 (14.5, 23.0) 50.3 (44.8, 55.9)
Educational attainment
No education 6591 (43.4) 30.5 (28.7, 32.3) 13.4 (12.1, 14.8) 38.6 (36.7, 40.5)
Up to primary 3174 (20.9) 20.7 (18.8, 22.8) 21.1 (18.9, 23.4) 34.5 (32.0, 37.1)
Up to Secondary 4428 (29.2) 8.8 (7.4, 10.5) 12.6 (11.3, 14.0) 17.8 (15.9, 19.7)
Higher education 997 (6.6) 7.5 (5.6, 9.9) 10.4 (8.3, 13.0) 16.0 (13.3, 19.1)
Religion
Hindu 13123 (86.4) 21.0 (19.7, 22.3) 14.4 (13.2, 15.6) 30.2 (28.7, 31.7)
Buddhist 1158 (7.6) 22.2 (18.8, 25.9) 14.7 (12.0, 17.9) 32.6 (28.6, 36.9)
Islam, Christian and others 909 (6.0) 15.7 (12.6, 19.4) 17.2 (13.8, 21.3) 28.5 (24.1, 33.3)
Wealth Index
Poorest 3026 (19.9) 35.6 (33.0, 38.3) 16.4 (14.3, 18.7) 44.5 (41.7, 47.3)
Poorer 2805 (18.5) 23.7 (21.5, 26.0) 16.4 (14.4, 18.7) 33.6 (30.9, 36.3)
Middle 2693 (17.7) 20.4 (18.4, 22.6) 15.4 (13.4, 17.6) 30.7 (28.3, 33.2)
Richer 3252 (21.4) 15.3 (13.5, 17.2) 14.7 (13.0, 16.6) 26.5 (24.2, 28.9)
Richest 3414 (22.5) 11.9 (10.3, 13.7) 10.7 (9.1, 12.6) 19.4 (17.2, 21.9)
Type of Residence
Urban 4249 (28.0) 15.3 (13.5, 17.3) 12.6 (10.9, 14.5) 23.9 (21.5, 26.5)
Rural 10941 (72.0) 21.8 (20.4, 23.3) 14.9 (13.7, 16.3) 31.5 (29.3, 33.2
Development region
Eastern 3555 (23.4) 16.5 (14.4, 18.7) 19.7 (17.3, 22.4) 31.0 (28.0, 34.1)
Central 3902 (25.7) 22.5 (20.1, 25.1) 12.5 (10.8, 14.4) 29.8 (27.0, 32.8)
Western 2996 (19.7) 15.1 (13.1, 17.3) 15.6 (13.4, 18.1) 26.7 (23.9, 29.7)
Mid-western 2352 (15.5) 27.8 (23.5, 32.6) 10.1 (8.2, 12.3) 33.7 (29.4, 38.3)
Far-western 2385 (15.7) 25.2 (21.7, 29.1) 13.6 (9.5, 19.2) 32.4 (27.1, 38.1)
Ecological zone
Mountain 2075 (13.7) 33.4 (28.2, 39.0) 11.5 (9.2, 14.4) 39.9 (34.8, 45.3)
Hill 5906 (38.9) 21.8 (19.8, 24.0) 13.1 (11.6, 14.7) 30.8 (28.5, 33.2)
Terai (plains) 7209 (47.5) 18.1 (16.5, 19.8) 16.2 (14.4, 18.1) 28.6 (26.4, 30.8)