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Table 4 Results of multinomial main effects logistic regression model showing the influence of demographic factors on housing status

From: Access to housing subsidies, housing status, drug use and HIV risk among low-income U.S. urban residents

Parametera Housing categoryb Coefficient Estimate DF Wald ChiSqc Pr > ChiSq Level comparison Odds Ratio Lower 95%CI Upper
95%CI
Interceptb          
With sex partner/friend or SRO 2 -0.368 1 0.11 0.739     
With family or in own home/apt 3 1.821 1 3.97 0.046     
In supportive housing program 4 1.274 1 1.24 0.266     
Female    3 11.25 0.011     
  2 0.714 1 8.85 0.003 Female vs Male 4.17 1.63 10.68
  3 0.465 1 4.86 0.028   2.54 1.11 5.80
  4 0.121 1 0.22 0.643   1.27 0.46 3.54
Black    3 12.99 0.005     
  2 0.596 1 4.89 0.027 Black vs No 3.29 1.15 9.45
  3 0.852 1 12.46 0.000   5.50 2.13 14.15
  4 0.377 1 1.79 0.181   2.13 0.71 6.41
Latino    3 25.68 <.0001     
  2 0.708 1 6.57 0.010 Latino vs No 4.12 1.40 12.15
  3 1.219 1 24.85 <.0001   11.46 4.39 29.88
  4 0.428 1 2.01 0.157   2.35 0.72 7.70
Education (highest completed)d    3 0.29 0.962     
  2 0.110 1 0.14 0.709   1.12 0.63 1.99
  3 -0.019 1 0.01 0.940   0.98 0.60 1.61
  4 0.001 1 0.00 0.997   1.00 0.54 1.85
Income ($100s)    3 18.79 0.000     
  2 0.136 1 6.60 0.010   1.15 1.03 1.27
  3 0.182 1 14.56 0.000   1.20 1.09 1.32
  4 0.025 1 0.14 0.708   1.03 0.90 1.17
Diagnosis of mental illness    3 4.56 0.207     
  2 -0.363 1 3.19 0.074 Diagnosis vs No 0.48 0.22 1.07
  3 -0.146 1 0.75 0.388   0.75 0.39 1.45
  4 0.052 1 0.06 0.807   1.11 0.48 2.58
Told by doctor have HIV/AIDS    3 18.61 0.000     
  2 0.373 1 1.49 0.223 HIV/AIDS vs No 2.11 0.64 7.00
  3 0.699 1 6.90 0.009   4.05 1.43 11.48
  4 1.158 1 15.30 <.0001   10.13 3.17 32.31
Ever convicted of crime    3 1.46 0.691     
  2 -0.069 1 0.01 0.937 Convicted vs No 0.87 0.03 25.95
  3 0.553 1 0.61 0.437   3.02 0.19 49.05
  4 0.768 1 0.74 0.390   4.65 0.14 154.43
Longest sentence in prisond    3 2.35 0.503     
  2 0.101 1 0.05 0.826   1.11 0.45 2.73
  3 -0.372 1 0.96 0.327   0.69 0.33 1.45
  4 -0.435 1 0.83 0.363   0.65 0.25 1.65
Recent drug user    3 15.82 0.001     
  2 -0.354 1 2.68 0.102 Drug user vs No 0.49 0.21 1.15
  3 -0.376 1 3.94 0.047   0.47 0.23 0.99
  4 -0.892 1 15.53 <.0001   0.17 0.07 0.41
  1. a Reference category: Female, Black, Latino, Mental illness, Told have HIV/AIDS, Convicted of crime and Recent drug user (no = 0);
  2. b Housing status: On street, in shelter or in hotel/YMCA (reference = 1); Double-up with sex partner or acquaintance or rent single room (2); Double-up with family or living in own apartment/home (3); and In supportive housing program (4).
  3. c Tests of significance for housing status category, individually (DF = 1) and simultaneously (DF = 3), compared with the reference category (On street, in shelter or in hotel).
  4. Education: Less than HS diploma (1), HS diploma or GED (2), More than HS (3); Longest sentence served in prison: None (0), One to six days (1), One week or more but less than a month (2), One month or more but less than a year (3), One year or more (4).