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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics (n = 563)

From: Chronic disease and recent addiction treatment utilization among alcohol and drug dependent adults

  n %
Age Mean = 38.2, range 18-67
Male 409 73
Race   
   Black/African American 185 33
   White 272 48
   Other 106 19
Hispanic or Latino 76 14
Homeless (past 3 mo) 332 59
Unemployed (past 3 mo) 246 44
Has any insurance 446 79
Criminal justice involvement past 3 mo   
   None 315 56
   Probation 130 23
   Pretrial release 63 11
   Other/Missing 55 10
Substance dependence   
   Alcohol dependent & recent heavy use 98 17
   Drug dependent & recent use 150 27
   Both 315 56
Substance reported as the major problem   
   Alcohol to intoxication 142 25
   Heroin 208 37
   Cocaine 81 14
   Poly-substance or other drugs 132 23
Recruitment site   
   Detoxification unit 416 74
   Ambulatory/outpatient/ER 59 10
   Community/other 88 16
Current smoker 493 88
Beck anxiety score   
   Low 220 40
   Moderate 164 30
   Severe 166 30
Prior healthcare utilization past 3 mo   
   Any emergency room 304 54
   Any non-addiction outpatient 242 43
Addiction treatment utilization past 3 mo   
   Any (excluding detoxification) 157 28
   Outpatient days 97 17
   Residential nights 70 12