Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of sample according to the type of substance used

From: Areca nut chewing and dependency syndrome: Is the dependence comparable to smoking? a cross sectional study

  Type of substance use  
Characteristics Number (n) Areca nut only, % Areca + tobacco, % Smokers only, % p value *
Total participants (n) 851 314 (36.8) 242 (28.4) 295 (34.7)  
Age at screening (years)      
Age 16-20 182 14 22.31 28.47 < 0.001
Age 21-25 311 42 32.64 33.9  
Age 26-30 181 28 16.12 18.31  
Age 31-35 177 15.9 28.93 19.32  
Education (years)      
< 10 years 112 7.96 16.94 15.59 < 0.001
10-12 years 490 57.96 39.67 71.86  
> 12 years 249 34.08 43.39 12.54  
Family history of substance use      
Absent 554 55.1 33.06 25.76 < 0.001
Present 297 44.9 66.94 74.24  
Duration of use (years)      
< 6 years 467 44.59 50 69.83 < 0.001
6-10 years 255 39.49 22.31 26.1  
> 10 years 129 15.92 27.69 4.07  
  1. * p values were calculated using the chi square test.