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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population with respect to benzodiazepine use (n = 749)

From: Benzodiazepine use among adults residing in the urban settlements of Karachi, Pakistan: A cross sectional study

Characteristics Total Benzodiazepine users Wald χ2 df P-value OR (95% CI)
Age (means ± SD)   38.96 ± 15.33 51.30 ± 15.58 62.7 1 0.001 1.06 (1.04-1.07)
Location Garden, n (%) 383 33 (9)     1
  Sultanabad, n (%) 366 69 (19) 15.9 1 0.001 2.46 (1.58-3.84)
Gender Male, n (%) 349 33 (9)     1
  Female, n (%) 399 67 (17) 8.4 1 0.004 1.93 (1.24-3.01)
Marital Status Unmarried, n (%) 249 12 (5)     1
  Married, n (%) 500 88 (18) 20.5 1 0.001 4.22 (2.26-7.87)
Education Post-graduation, n (%) 71 5 (7)     1
  Graduation, n (%) 213 17 (8) 19.5 1 0.001 1.15 (0.41-3.22)
  Intermediate, n (%) 171 13 (8) 6.3 1 0.01 1.09 (0.37-3.17)
  Secondary, n (%) 176 21 (12) 1.3 1 0.26 1.79 (0.65-4.94)
  Primary, n (%) 35 9 (26) 0.02 1 0.9 4.57 (1.40-14.93)
  None, n (%) 72 31 (43) 0.07 1 0.8 9.98 (3.59-27.73)
Occupation Student, n (%) 98 4 (4)     1
  Salaried workers, n (%) 128 17 (13) 5 1 0.03 3.60 (1.17-11.07)
  Housewife, n (%) 195 44 (23) 12.8 1 0.001 6.85 (2.38-19.68)
  Retired, n (%) 31 9 (29) 12.3 1 0.001 9.61 (2.71-34.10)
  Labor, n (%) 197 14 (7) 1 1 0.313 1.80 (0.58-5.61)
  Business, n (%) 81 6 (7) 0.9 1 0.342 1.88 (0.52-6.91)
  Unemployed, n (%) 10 5 (50) 15.1 1 0.001 23.50 (4.78-115.59)
Psychiatric consult No, n (%) 703 75 (11)     1
  Yes, n (%) 36 22 (61) 50.4 1 0.001 13.16 (6.46-26.81)
  1. SD = Standard deviation; df = degrees of freedom; OR = Odds ratio; CI = Confidence interval