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Table 1 Rotated factor solution* from factor analysis of 18 items relating to family functioning

From: An exploratory study of the relationship between parental attitudes and behaviour and young people's consumption of alcohol

  Factor 1 (Parental monitoring) Factor 2 (Family closeness) Factor 3 (Family conflict) Factor 4 (Family violence)
My family has clear rules about alcohol and using drugs .61    
If I drank some alcohol without my parents' permission, I would be caught by my parents .67    
If I played truant from school, I would be caught by my parents .61    
The rules in my family are clear .66    
My parents want me to phone if I'm going to be late getting home .59    
My parents ask me regularly if I've done my homework .54    
When I'm not at home, one of my parents knows where I am and who I am with .61    
My parents would know if I didn't come home on time .61    
My parents give me lots of chances to do fun things with them   .70   
My parents ask me what I think before family decisions affecting me are made   .66   
If I had a personal problem, I could ask my parents for help   .63   
How often do your parents tell, or show you that they are proud of you?   .80   
How often do your parents notice when you are doing something well?   .79   
People in my family often insult or yell at each other    .82  
People in my family have serious arguments    .78  
We argue about the same things in my family over and over again    .80  
Adults in my home sometimes try to hurt me, for example by kicking, hitting or pushing me     .84
Adults in my home sometimes try to hurt each other, for example by kicking, hitting or pushing each other     .85
  1. *factor loadings <0.50 are suppressed (i.e. automatically deleted from the table)