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Table 3 Independent sample t tests for continuous predisposing, need and enabling variables by utilization

From: Inequitable access to substance abuse treatment services in Cape Town, South Africa

Variables No use (Controls) Mean (SD) Treatment use (Cases) Mean (SD) t value df Effect size (d)
Predisposing variables      
Age (years) 25.43 (5.98) 24.95 (4.81) 1.34 987 0.08
Level of education (years) 11.45 (1.52) 11.55 (1.57) -0.95 987 0.06
Neighbourhood Environment scale 42.36 (3.43) 41.42 (5.07) -7.93** 658 0.22
Need variables      
SOCRATES Problem Recognition 22.25 (7.15) 27.13 (5.57) -11.70*** 986 0.76
SOCRATES Ambivalence 13.31 (3.93) 15.56 (2.89) -9.99*** 975 0.65
SOCRATES Taking steps. 17.44 (4.65) 25.07 (8.24) -18.39*** 987 1.14
Enabling variables      
Affordability barriers 38.76 (6.23) 27.91 (9.46) 20.66*** 854 1.39
Number of known treatment centres 1.06 (0.97) 4.00 (1.84) -30.27*** 619 2.07
Treatment concerns 26.43 (8.54) 29.70 (7.71) -6.23*** 987 0.40
Delays in treatment 37.63 (5.80) 31.90 (9.76) 10.83*** 664 0.73
Time to treatment (minutes) 3.63 (0.58) 2.84 (0.80) 21.95*** 769 1.46
Stigma consciousness 7.63 (1.53) 8.59 (1.64) -9.44*** 898 0.61
TCU Abstinence support 35.28 (5.56) 37.43 (4.66) -6.62*** 982 0.41
TCU Depression 32.51 (7.35) 38.31 (7.85) -11.94*** 987 0.77
TCU Anxiety 34.12 (8.66) 39.19 (7.90) -9.61*** 964 0.61
  1. * α < .05; ** α < .01; *** α < .001