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Table 2 Bivariate associations between categorical predisposing, need for treatment and enabling variables by utilization (N = 989)

From: Inequitable access to substance abuse treatment services in Cape Town, South Africa

Variable   Cases % (n) Control (% (n) Chi-square OR a (95% CI b )
Predisposing variable
Gender Female 49.7 (276) 45.6 (198) 54.4 (236) 1.65 1.18 (0.92-1.52)
  Male 50.3 (279)    
Race Black 50.3 (279) 50.9 (221) 0.04 0.97 (0.76-1.25)
  Coloured 49.7 (276) 49.1 (213)   
Treatment need variables
Others suggest treatment Yes 90.3 (392) 71.0 (394) 55.80(1)*** 3.81 (2.64-5.51)
  No 9.7 (42) 29.0 (161)   
Seriousness of use not at all serious 10.6 (46) 26.5 (147) 199.30 (4)***  
  Slightly serious 8.5 (37) 15.0 (83)   
  Moderately serious 6.9 (30) 26.3 (146)   
  Considerably serious 25.6 (111) 18.7 (104)   
  Extremely serious 48.4 (210) 26.3 (75)   
Enabling/restricting variables
Competing financial priorities Yes 40.1 (174) 73.5 (408) 112.33 (1)*** 0.24 (0.18-0.31)
  No 59.9 (260) 26.5 (147)   
  1. * α < .05; ** α < .01; *** α < .001
  2. *α < .05; ** α < .01; *** α < .001;
  3. a Estimated odds ratio
  4. b 95% confidence interval