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Table 3 Studies comparing integrated to non-integrated treatment

From: Maternal substance use and integrated treatment programs for women with substance abuse issues and their children: a meta-analysis

Study n Groups Design Measure d (SE) p Study Quality
Barkauskas and Low46 Treatment: 52
Control: 73
Residential program for pregnant, incarcerated women vs standard prison care for women Quasi- Experimental % positive toxicology screens -0.29 (0.69) 0.669 5/9
Carroll and Chang 40 Treatment: 7
Control: 7
Enhanced methadone treatment for women vs standard methadone treatment for women Randomized Trial % positive toxicology screens -0.14 (0.67) 0.83 1/5
Chang and Carroll 47 Treatment: 6
Control: 6
Enhanced methadone treatment for women vs standard methadone treatment for women Quasi- experimental % positive toxicology screens 0.43 (0.70) 0.54 3/9
Gwadz and Leonard39 Treatment: 51
Control: 58
Integrated outpatient treatment for women vs standard outpatient treatment for women Randomized Trial National Alcohol Survey - Frequency of Alcohol Use -0.12 (0.19) 0.545 1/5
     Drug Use Screen Inventory - Alcohol/Dru g Problems 0.077 (0.19) 0.69  
     Risk Behaviour Assessment - Frequency of Drug Use -0.26 (0.19) 0.183  
Harshman66 Treatment: 25 Control: 27 Residential Integrated treatment for women vs Co-ed Residential Standard treatment Quasi- experimental # months since last used substances -0.15 (0.28) 0.593 2/9
     SASSI-2 * Alcohol use 0.61 (0.28) .033  
     SASSI-2 drug use 0.06 (0.28) 0.83  
Luthar et al. 41 Treatment: 60 Control: 67 Maternal psychotherapy plus standard methadone treatment vs. Recovery training plus standard methadone treatment Randomized Trial Positive toxicology screens - opiate use (follow up phase - up to one year follow up) -0.08 (0.18) 0.647 3/9
     Positive toxicology screens - cocaine use (treatment phase) 0.25 (0.18) 0.170  
     Positive toxicology screens - cocaine use (follow up phase - up to one year follow up) -0.14 (0.18) 0.428  
Sacks and Sacks 67 Treatment: 49
Control: 49
Residential integrated treatment for women vs co-ed standard residential treatment Quasi- experimental Substance Use Composite (incl. Drug use, frequency of use, # days of use) 0.12 NS 3/9
Sowers and Ellis48 Treatment: 26
Control: 15
Residential integrated treatment for women vs standard day treatment (not specified if women only) Quasi- experimental % not using any substances 0.33 (0.36) 0.36 4/9
Suchman and Mayes 49 treatment: 25
control: 23
Women only outpatient treatment with parenting intervention vs standard women only outpatient treatment Quasi- Experimental % not using any substances 0.15 (0.30) 0.628 3/9
Touissaint and VanDeMar k68 Treatment: 64
Control: 106
Residential Integrated Treatment for women vs Co-ed Residential Standard Treatment Quasi- experimental Addiction Severity Index Drug Composite 0.30 (0.16) .059 6/9
     Addiction Severity Index Alcohol Composite 0.28 (0.16) 0.078 6/9
  1. † Included in overall effect size for toxicology screens
  2. * Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-2
  3. effect size reported, data on SE and p not available
  4. Significance of d based on test of null (z-test)