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Table 2 Logistic Regression analysis of factors associated with food insufficiency among injection drug users (n = 1,053)

From: Hunger and associated harms among injection drug users in an urban Canadian setting

Variable Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI) Wald Chi-Square†, ‡ p - value
Age
(per year increase)
0.994 (0.98 - 1.01) 0.65 0.420
DTES residency
(yes vs no)
1.34 (0.96 - 1.89) 2.89 0.089
Unstable housing
(yes vs no)
1.68 (1.20 - 2.36) 9.04 0.003
Money spent on drugs per day
(≥ $50 vs < $50)
1.43 (1.06 - 1.91) 5.64 0.018
Incarceration **
(yes vs no)
1.16 (0.79 - 1.69) 0.57 0.451
Symptoms of Depression*
(≥ 16 CES-D vs < 16 CES-D)
3.32 (2.45 - 4.48) 62.79 < 0.001
Daily injection heroin **
(yes vs no)
1.27 (0.92 - 1.75) 2.05 0.152
Daily non-injection crack/rock **
(yes vs no)
1.18 (0.86 - 1.61) 1.02 0.313
Any injection or non-injection drug binge **
(yes vs no)
1.15 (0.86 - 1.53) 0.90 0.342
  1. * Values for 125 participants missing from univariate treated as a separate category
  2. ** In the past six months
  3. All Chi-Square tests were performed with one degree of freedom (df = 1), with the exception of the
  4. 'symptoms of depression' variable, where df = 2.
  5. ‡ Chi-Squared Test were applied to all categorical variables. A Wald Test was applied to the continuous
  6. 'age' variable, yielding a Wald Chi-Square value.