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Table 4 Perceived risk and protective factors for substance use.

From: Perception among medical students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, regarding alcohol and substance abuse in the community: a cross-sectional survey

Factors Frequency Percent (%)
Friends 171 79.2%
Life Stress 129 60%
Tobacco Smoke 125 58%
Curiosity/For experimentation 124 57.4%
Living away from home 119 55.1%
Psychological diseases 117 54.2%
Social reasons 115 53.2%
Family Members 109 51%
Study stress including exams 101 47%
Lack of knowledge of harmful effects 100 46.3%
Religious/Moral unacceptability 87 40.3%
Inadequate recreational facilities 66 31%
Physical diseases 50 23.1%