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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the Massachusetts public college and university student samples, 1999 and 2001.

From: Alcohol policy enforcement and changes in student drinking rates in a statewide public college system: a follow-up study

  1999 sample
(N = 1,252)
2001 sample
(N = 1,074)
Chi-square
statistic (df)
Characteristic n % n % p-value c
Gender      
   Male 511 40.9 417 39.0 0.85 (1)
   Female 737 59.1 651 61.0 .510
Race/Ethnicity      
   White non-Hispanic 1071 88.4 929 87.4 6.1 (3)
   Black non-Hispanic 34 2.8 28 2.6 .013
   Hispanic 62 5.1 34 3.2  
   Other race/ethnicity 45 3.7 72 6.8  
Age      
   <21 years 638 51.0 502 47.0 0.86 (1)
   >=21 years 612 49.0 567 53.0 0.38
Year in School      
   Freshman 285 22.9 259 24.3 2.94 (5)
   Sophomore 310 24.9 225 21.1 .069
   Junior 312 25.0 254 23.8  
   Senior 257 20.6 253 23.7  
   >=5th year undergraduate 83 6.7 76 7.1  
Type of Residence      
   On-campus 616 49.7 574 53.9 1.37 (1)
   Off-campusa 624 50.3 490 46.1 .269
Fraternity/Sorority Member 50 4.0 30 2.6 4.68 (1)
.056
Heavy Drinking in High Schoolb      
   No 729 58.8 581 54.7 5.31 (1)
   Yes 510 41.2 481 45.3 .044
  1. a Includes off-campus house or apartment, fraternity or sorority house, and other.
  2. b Ever having >=5 drinks in a row (or >=4 for females) during last year of high school.
  3. c Chi-square p-value estimates generated using SUDAAN® 9.0 software to account for sampling design effects.