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Table 7 Total cost estimates in US$PPP 2007, cost as % of GDP (2007), cost per capita, and total direct cost as % of GDP (PPP) 2007 in the 12 selected countries

From: The economic impact of alcohol consumption: a systematic review

Country/
Study Year
Total cost in PPP US$ 2007
(Million)
Cost as
% GDP (PPP)2007
Cost per capita
(PPP US$ 2007)
Total Direct cost as %GDP
Australia 1998-9 [7] 6,818.6 1.09 359.8 0.5
Canada 2002 [15] 13,406.3 1.24 428.04 0.63
France 1997[9] 22,376 1.44 384.4 0.72
Germany 2002 [12] 30,847.15 1.24 373.77 0.43
Japan 1987 [14] 62,461.8 3.15 511.85 0.62
The Netherlands 2001 [13] 3,314.22 0.6 206.49 0.31
New Zealand 1991 [8] 930.69-3,542.74 1.43-5.44 265.9-1,012.21 0.47-0.81
Portugal 1995 [24] 853.64 0.45 85.53 0.11
Sweden 2002 [11] 2,390-3,441 0.88-1.27 267.38-384.89 0.43-0.47
South Korea 2000 [5] 24,913.7 2.76 530.08 0.77
Thailand 2006 [25] 9,767.7 1.98 149.63 0.08
US 1998 [10] 234,854.2 2.11 850.86 0.58