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Table 1 Univariate analyses of social and demographic characteristics associated with reporting ever being incarcerated in ARYS (n = 478)

From: Methamphetamine use and rates of incarceration among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting: a cross-sectional analysis

  Ever incarcerated    
Characteristic No (%) Yes (%) Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Interval p-value1
Age (df = 476)      
   Median (IQR) 20.8 (17.7 – 23.4) 22.4 (18.4 – 26.3) 1.23 1.17 – 1.28 < 0.001
Gender (df = 1)      
   Male 40 (43.0) 306 (79.5)    
   Female 53 (57.0) 79 (20.5) 0.19 0.12 – 0.31 < 0.001
Ethnicity (df = 1)      
   Non-Aboriginal 76 (81.7) 282 (73.2)    
   Aboriginal 17 (18.2) 103 (26.8) 1.63 0.92 – 2.89 0.091
Education (df = 1)      
   ≥ High school 38 (40.9) 113 (29.4)    
   < High school 55 (59.1) 272 (70.6) 1.66 1.04 – 2.66 0.032
Foster care2 (df = 1)      
   No 52 (55.9) 183 (47.5)    
   Yes 41 (44.1) 202 (52.5) 1.40 0.89 – 2.21 0.147
HCV status (df = 1)      
   Negative 77 (82.8) 339 (88.1)    
   Positive 16 (17.2) 46 (11.9) 0.65 0.35 – 1.21 0.176
Mental illness2 (df = 1)      
   No 59 (63.4) 225 (58.4)    
   Yes 34 (36.6) 160 (41.6) 1.23 0.77 – 1.97 0.378
Victim of abuse2 (df = 1)      
   No 58 (62.4) 170 (44.2)    
   Yes 35 (37.6) 215 (55.8) 2.10 1.32 – 3.34 0.002
ER use2 (df = 1)      
   No 61 (65.6) 225 (58.4)    
   Yes 32 (34.4) 160 (41.6) 1.36 0.84 – 2.18 0.239
  1. 1. p- values based on χ-square tests of difference (for categorical variables) and the Mann-Whitney test (for continuous)
  2. 2. Refers to any instance in the past