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Table 1 Characteristics of Thai injection drug users stratified by reporting an increase in police presence in the last six months (n = 252)

From: Drug use patterns among Thai illicit drug injectors amidst increased police presence

  Reported an increase in police presence
Characteristic Yes ( n = 137) No ( n = 115) Odds Ratio (95% CI)* P value
Injection heroin use     
<Daily 88 (64%) 67 (58%) 1.29 (0.77 – 2.14) 0.332
≥Daily 49 (36%) 48 (42%)   
Yaba/Ice use     
<Daily 107 (78%) 81 (70%) 1.50 (0.85 – 2.65) 0.165
≥Daily 30 (22%) 34 (30%)   
Midazolam use     
<Daily 97 (71%) 80 (70%) 1.06 (0.62 – 1.82) 0.831
≥Daily 40 (29%) 35 (30%)   
Illicit methadone use     
<Daily 48 (35%) 36 (31%) 1.18 (0.70 – 2.01) 0.531
≥Daily 89 (65%) 79 (69%)   
Binge drug use     
<Daily 59 (43%) 40 (35%) 1.42 (0.85 – 2.37) 0.181
≥Daily 78 (57%) 75 (65%)   
Involvement in the sex trade     
No 17 (12%) 14 (12%) 1.02 (0.48 – 2.18) 0.955
Yes 120 (88%) 101 (18%)   
Involvement in drug treatment     
No 67 (49%) 49 (43%) 1.29 (0.78 – 2.12) 0.318
Yes 70 (51%) 66 (57%)   
  1. Note: Methadone use refers only to non-prescription (i.e., illicit) use
  2. *CI = Confidence Interval