Skip to main content

Table 5 Logistic regression of past-year alcohol or drug use disorder (N=506)

From: Substance abuse, treatment needs and access among female sex workers and non-sex workers in Pretoria, South Africa

Correlates of Past-Year Alcohol or Drug Use Disorder Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusteda OR (95% CI)
Sex Worker (df = 1)   
Yes 2.6 (1.7–4.0)*** 1.8 (1.0–3.2)*
No 1.0 1.0
Age Group (df = 1)   
18–25 1.0 (0.6–1.5) --
26–55 1.0  
Years of Education (df = 2)   
Lower than 7th grade 1.2 (0.4–3.1) --
7th to 12th grade 0.8 (0.4–1.9)  
Higher than 12th grade 1.0  
Current Marital Status (df = 3)   
Single, without a main sex partner 2.2 (0.8–6.2) --
Not living with a main sex partner 1.6 (0.6–4.0)  
Living with a main sex partner 1.9 (0.7–5.1)  
Married, separated, divorced, or widowed 1.0  
Number of Children (df = 2)   
One 0.8 (0.5–1.4) --
Two or more 0.6 (0.4–1.1)  
None 1.0  
Residence or Living Space with Running Water (df = 1)   
Yes 0.8 (0.5–1.4) --
No 1.0  
Residence or Living Space with Electricity (df = 1)   
Yes 0.5 (0.3–0.8)** 0.9 (0.5–1.5)
No 1.0 1.0
Family History of Alcohol or Drug Abuse (df = 1)   
Yes 2.3 (1.5–3.5)*** 2.5 (1.6–4.1)***
No 1.0 1.0
History of Being Physically Abused (df = 1)   
Yes 2.6 (1.7–4.1)*** 1.7 (1.1–2.8)***
No 1.0 1.0
History of Being Sexually Abused (df = 1)   
Yes 3.1 (1.8–5.4)*** 1.8 (1.0–3.3)
No 1.0 1.0
Age of First Alcohol Use (df = 1)   
Before 18 2.3 (1.5–3.6)*** 1.9 (1.1–3.0)*
18 or older 1.0 1.0
Age of First Marijuana, Dagga, or Ganja Use (df = 1)   
Before 18 4.0 (2.0–8.0)*** 2.5 (1.2–5.2)*
18 or older 3.5 (2.1–5.8)*** 2.4 (1.3–4.2)**
Never use 1.0 1.0
  1. a The adjusted model included variables listed in the third column.
  2. OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval
  3. p ≤ 0.09; *: p ≤ 0.05; ** p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001.
  4. P-values are based on the Wald chi-square statistic.