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Table 1 Predictors for Any Past Year (Model 1) and Significant Alcohol and Drug Use (Model 2)

From: Risk factors for alcohol and other drug use by healthcare professionals

Predictors (IVs) Model 1 (N = 479) Model 2 (N = 312)
  B (SE) β Odds Ratio (OR) C.I. B (SE) β Odds Ratio (OR) C.I.
Background Variables         
Year licensed - - -   .58* (.33) -.21 .47 .3 – .9
Past month cigarette use - - -   1.11^(.59) .16 3.04 1.0 – 9.6
Pattern of alcohol use 3.01*** (.74) .64 20.27 4.8–86.4 3.37*** (.51) .79 29.01 10.6–79.6
Psychological Variable         
Professional invincibility -1.43** (.52) -.17 .24 .1 – .7 - - -  
Social Variables         
Professional/social and/or pharmaceutical offers for alcohol and or drug use 1.24*** (.26) .28 3.45 1.1–2.8 - - -  
Social circles with known alcohol and drug abusers .57*** (.24) .15 1.77 2.0 – 5.8 -.66* (.33) -.17 .52 .3–1.0
Intercept -.51 (.26)     -.51 (.38)    
  1. ^p = .056, *p ≤ .05, **p ≤ .01, ***p ≤ .001.
  2. Notes: Only significant predictors shown; - = not-significant; Gender, access to drugs in Model 1 and mean income, family history of substance use and religious affiliation in Model 2, were trending toward significance but removed from the models. C.I. = Confidence Interval. IVs = Independent Variables