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Table 1 Study Measures and their Description

From: Therapeutic community drug treatment success in Peru: a follow-up outcome study

Measures1 Description2
Outcome measures  
Use of all illicit drugs 30 days prior to treatment (retrospective) vs. no use at the six month follow-up 1 = Yes, 0 = No
Use of PCB(Coca paste), cocaine, cannabis 30 days prior to treatment (retrospective) vs. no use at the six month follow-up 1 = Yes, 0 = No
Use of alcohol use to intoxication 30 days prior to treatment vs. no use at the six month follow-up 1 = Yes, 0 = No
Treatment measures  
Length of Stay (per 100 days) .3 – 11
TC Model Implementation fidelity scale3 39% – 95%; (7 items; alpha = .65)
Treatment satisfaction4 1 = Very Satisfied, 2 = Somewhat Satisfied, 3 = Somewhat Dissatisfied, 4 = Very Dissatisfied (2 items; alpha = 0.69)
Training intensity 1 = 6–8 weeks of Daytop training in Peru v. 2 weeks of Daytop training in Peru, 0 = other
Director attended Daytop training in 1999 1 = Yes 0 = No
Organization characteristics  
Organization certified by Pervuvian Ministry of Health? 1 = Yes, 0 = No
Length of operation (years) 2 – 22
Number of paid full-time staff 0 – 32
Number of paid program professionals 0 – 17
Number of paid part-time and contract staff 0 – 11
Planned length of stay 12 months
  6 – 11 months
Number of clients served in 2002 8 – 580
Number of clients participating in Follow-up 2 – 33
Age of clients served 18 – 77 years
Classification of program 1 = TC, 0 = Non-TC
Number of Treatment Models Used 0 – 10
Percentage of clients that dropped out before 30 days 0 – 64
Director characteristics  
Ethnicity 0 = non-Mestizo, 1 = Mestizo
Gender 0 = Female, 1 = Male
Age 30 – 54
Education 1 = Primary School, 2 = Secondary School, 3 = Technical School Incomplete, 4 = Technical School Complete, 5 = Some University, 6 = University 4 year Degree, 7 = Higher than 4 year University Degree
Years in Organization 3 months – 22 years
Director attended Daytop training 1 = Yes, 0 = No
Director attended other TC training 1 = Yes – one or more, 0 = None
Recover Alcoholic or Drug Addict? 1 = Yes, 0 = No
Consult with staff before new policies are implemented 0 = Never, 1 = Rarely, 2 = Sometimes, 3 = Often, 4 = Very Often
Directly involved in clients' treatment plan 1 = Rarely, 2 = Sometimes, 3 = Often, 4 = Very Often
Amount of time spent individually with each client 1 = One or more hours, 0 = Less than one hour
Use of Research 0 = Never, 1 = Rarely, 2 = Sometimes, 3 = Often, 4 = Very Often
Former Client characteristics  
Ethnicity 0 = non-Mestizo, 1 = Mestizo
Age 18 – 77
Education 1 = Primary School, 2 = Secondary School, 3 = Any Technical School 4 = Some University, 5 = University 4 year Degree or more
Employment Status 1 = Employed Part or Full Time, 0 = Not Employed
Marital Status 1 = Married, 0 = Not Married
Participation in other treatment 1 = One or Two Kinds, 0 = None
Perceived stigma5 0 = low, 6 = high (9 items; alpha = .80)
Client propensity score Predicted covariate to adjust attrition effect
  1. Note: 1 Imputed missing values were used that were based on an EM algorithm in the SPSS: Missing Values Analysis program[71]. 2Unless noted as a multiple-item scale, the measure is a single item. Factor analyses found all scales to be unidimensional. 3Sample item: "Some of the practices on the following list are part of a Therapeutic Community morning meeting and some are not. I'll begin with the first statement on this list. Please tell me whether or not this statement is true or false about how morning meetings were practiced in (INSERT TC NAME). 'Our morning meeting had two parts: one part for taking care of "business" issues and another part for taking care of "clinical" issues.'" 4 Sample Item: "How satisfied are you with the progress you made while you were in the program? Would you say... 5 Sample item: "Most people who know I am a former alcohol or drug addict willingly accept me as a close friend."
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