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Table 3 Criterion validity of cannabis screening instruments

From: Short scales to assess cannabis-related problems: a review of psychometric properties

Scale Study Criterion Cut-off Sensitivity Specificity Positive predictive value Negative predictive value Area under the curve
General population samples
SDS Steiner et al. (2008) DSM-IV dependence 2
[men: 4]
93.6% [81.0%] 74.0% [86.9%] 28.8% 99.0% .92
SDS Martin et al. (2006) DSM-IV dependence 4 65.1% 94.3%    .85
SDS Kedzior et al. (2007) Any DSM-IV or ICD-10 diagnosis   72.7%a 96.4%a 94.1%a 81.8%a  
PUM Okulicz-Kozaryn (2007) ICD-10 dependence 2 80.9% 87.5% 86.6% 82.2% .91
CAST Legleye et al. (2007) POSITc 4 92.9% 81.4% 45.8%b 96.5%b .92
CUDIT Annaheim et al. (2008) Use at school 7 71.1% 64.2% 14.1%b 96.4%b .74
   Use and drive 5 66.7% 58.9% 29.6%b 83.3%b .63
   Depression 5 57.8% 50.4% 43.8%b 64.2%b .57
   Use to cope 5 75.0% 58.9% 49.2%b 81.6%b .76
   Self-evaluation 7 71.3% 69.7% 36.6%b 91.0%b .77
Specific user samples
SDS Swift, Copeland & Hall (1998) DSM-III-R dependence 3 64.0% 82.0%    .77
SDS Hides et al. (2007) DSM-IV dependence 2 86.0% 83.0% 83.0% 86.0%  
CUDIT Adamson & Sellman (2003) DSM-IV dependence 8 73.3% 94.7% 84.6% 90.0% .87
  1. a Computed by the authors. b Received on request
  2. c Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers [28] measures psychological, physical and social problems.