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Table 1 Subtypes of the nonmedical use of controlled drug classes

From: Coming to terms with the nonmedical use of prescription medications

  Person does not possess a legal prescription Person does possess a legal prescription
MOTIVATED BY:   
• Desire to get high; create an altered state or experimentation. Type 1:
A problem behavior that is motivated by the desire to experiment, to get high, or to create an altered state with someone else's medication.
Type 3:
A problem behavior that is motivated by the desire to experiment, to get high, or to create an altered state with one's own medication.
RELATED BEHAVIORS:   
• Use in "recreational" settings   
• Use for reasons other than self-treatment   
• Use of scheduled medication with alcohol or other drugs simultaneously (co-ingestion)   
• May use alternate route of administration (IV, snorting)   
MOTIVATED BY:   
• Desire to alleviate symptoms of an actual or perceived health condition; uses medication for its pharmacological purpose (e.g., uses sleeping medication for insomnia) but does NOT involve mixing with alcohol or other drugs or non-therapeutic routes of administration. Type 2:
A problem behavior motivated by the desire to self-treat with someone else's medication.
Type 4:
A problem behavior motivated by the desire to self-treat with one's own medication but without the approval of the prescribing professional.
RELATED BEHAVIORS:   
• May include an increase in the recommended frequency, dose, or duration