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Table 4 Measurement level standard regression rates, parameter estimates, standard errors (s.e.), critical values (c.r.) and significance (p)

From: Attitudes and doping: a structural equation analysis of the relationship between athletes' attitudes, sport orientation and doping behaviour

Paths Std regression weights Estimate s.e. c.r. p
Goal orientation → Doping attitude .115 .236 .516 .458 .647
Win orientation → Doping attitude .344 .685 .307 2.234 .025
Competitiveness → Doping attitude -.436 -.397 .272 -1.460 .144
Doping belief → Doping attitude .482 4.670 .636 7.345 .000
Doping attitude → Doping behaviour .032 .001 .002 .331 .741
Doping belief → Doping behaviour .324 .078 .038 2.080 .038
Goal orientation → Doping behaviour -.238 -.012 .017 -.731 .465
Win orientation → Doping behaviour .044 .002 .010 .226 .821
Competitiveness → Doping behaviour .191 .004 .009 .501 .616
Doping behaviour → Current use .479 .412 .173 2.389 .017
Doping behaviour → Past use (experience) .880 2.426 1.015 2.389 .017