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Table 1 Program characteristics

From: Does higher cost mean better quality? evidence from highly-regarded adolescent drug treatment programs

  All Programs Programs in Reduced Regression Models
    Offering Residential Treatment Offering Outpatient Treatment
  N % N % N %
Program Setting       
Residential only 27 22.5 10 26.3 -  
Outpatient only 42 35.0 -   20 37.7
Multilevel 51 42.5 28 73.7 33 62.3
Program Approach*       
Twelve-step 94 80.3 32 84.2 40 75.5
Cognitive behavioral 105 89.7 36 94.7 47 88.7
Therapeutic Community 45 38.5 15 39.5 16 30.2
Motivational Enhancement 82 70.1 27 71.0 40 75.5
Multisystematic therapy 51 43.6 19 50.0 23 43.4
Multidimensional Family 61 52.1 18 47.4 23 43.4
Region       
   South 36 30.0 7 18.4 12 22.6
   Midwest 28 23.3 9 23.7 15 28.3
   West 30 25.0 12 31.6 16 30.2
   Northeast 26 21.7 10 26.3 10 18.9
Source of Referral*       
   Hospital 46 38 17 44.7 23 43.4
   Juvenile Justice System 107 89 32 84.2 49 92.4
   Private Practitioner 58 48 19 50.0 28 52.8
   State health agency 47 39 16 42.1 20 37.7
   Adult Substance Abuse 17 14 6 15.8 9 17.0
   Facility       
   School System Official 83 69 22 57.9 42 79.3
   Parent or Family Member 98 82 30 78.9 46 86.8
   Insurance Company 34 28 13 34.2 17 32.1
   Walk-ins 47 39 14 36.8 20 37.7
Programs w/accreditation       
   Yes 63 54.3 22 57.9 30 56.6
   No 53 45.7 16 42.1 23 43.4
Total Revenue >$1 million 42 56.0 29 76.3 28 53.8
Total Revenue <$1 million 33 44.0 9 23.7 24 46.2
Receive Grants       
   Yes 52 75.4 25 69.4 43 81.1
   No 17 24.6 11 30.6 10 18.9
Waiting List       
   Yes 37 50.7 26 70.3 26 49.1
   No 36 49.3 11 29.7 27 50.9
  1. Note: excludes missing responses.
  2. * Multiple responses allowed
  3. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), Rehabilitation Accreditation Commission (CARF), Council on Accreditation (COA)