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Table 3 Comparison of education and school problems between AAS users in two groups and non-users.

From: Troubled social background of male anabolic-androgenic steroid abusers in treatment

   AC group,
n = 34
Gym, AAS-users,
n = 18
Gym, non-users,
n = 259
p-value 1
   % n % n % n  
Educational level Interrupted primary school 0.0 0 0.0 0 3.9 10 <0.01
  Primary school 24.2 8 33.3 6 8.9 23  
  High school 69.7 23 55.6 10 63.2 163  
  Higher education 6.1 2 11.1 2 24.0 62  
Well-being in school Yes 18.7 6 50.0 9 74.7 192 <0.001
  Indifferent 21.9 7 33.3 6 15.6 40  
  No 59.4 19 16.7 3 9.7 25  
School truancy at least once a week Yes 62.5 20 11.1 2 17.5 45 <0.001
  No 37.5 12 88.9 16 82.5 212  
Bullied others in school Yes 25.0 8 61.1 11 31.0 80 <0.05
  No 75.0 24 38.9 7 69.0 178  
Been bullied in school Yes 43.8 14 44.4 8 27.4 71 0.069
  No 56.2 18 55.6 10 72.6 188  
Academic difficulties Yes 93.7 30 38.9 7 25.6 66 <0.001
  No 6.3 2 61.1 11 74.4 192  
...as concentration problems Yes 78.1 25 27.8 5 12.5 32 <0.001
  No 21.9 7 72.2 13 87.5 223  
...as writing problems Yes 21.9 7 27.8 5 7.1 18 <0.01
  No 78.1 25 72.2 13 92.9 236  
...as reading problems Yes 9.4 3 27.8 5 6.7 17 0.010
  No 90.6 29 72.2 13 93.3 238  
...as boredom Yes 50.0 16 22.2 4 13.7 35 <0.001
  No 50.0 16 77.8 14 86.3 220  
...as drug abuse Yes 37.5 12 22.2 4 5.9 15 <0.001
  No 62.5 20 77.8 14 94.1 240  
...as mental problems Yes 12.5 4 0.0 0 1.6 4 0.010
  No 87.5 28 100.0 18 98.4 251  
  1. 1 Fisher's exact test, 2-sided for three groups