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Table 2 Comparison of social background between AAS users in two groups and non-users.

From: Troubled social background of male anabolic-androgenic steroid abusers in treatment

   AC group,
n = 34
Gym, AAS-users,
n = 18
Gym, non-users,
n = 259
p-value 1
   % n % n % n  
Born in Sweden Yes 97.1 33 88.9 16 92.7 240 0.475
  No 2.9 1 11.1 2 7.3 19  
Parents born in Sweden Both 88.3 30 61.1 11 79.5 206 0.187
  One 8.8 3 22.2 4 11.2 29  
  None 2.9 1 16.7 3 9.3 24  
Brought up with.... Both biological parents 62.5 20 66.7 12 78.9 203 <0.05
  Mother only 28.1 9 27.8 5 18.7 48  
  Father only 0.0 0 0.0 0 1.2 3  
  Other 9.4 3 5.6 1 1.2 3  
Quality of upbringing Good 43.8 14 72.2 13 87.2 224 <0.001
  Indifferent 15.6 5 5.6 1 10.1 26  
  Bad 40.6 13 22.2 4 2.7 7  
Single child Yes 27.3 9 35.3 6 13.9 36 <0.05
  No 72.7 24 64.7 11 86.1 223  
Divorced parents Yes 59.4 19 44.4 8 38.3 98 0.071
  No 40.6 13 55.6 10 61.7 158  
Age at the time of divorce (years) 0–6 5.9 1 50.0 4 37.0 34 <0.05
  7–12 41.2 7 12.5 1 20.6 19  
  >12 52.9 9 37.5 3 42.4 39  
Relation with mother Good 68.7 22 88.9 16 93.7 239 <0.001
  Indifferent 21.9 7 5.6 1 5.5 14  
  Bad 9.4 3 5.6 1 0.8 2  
Relation with father Good 46.9 15 61.1 11 76.1 194 0.001
  Indifferent 28.1 9 5.6 1 8.6 22  
  Bad 25.0 8 33.3 6 15.3 39  
Other significant person Yes 54.5 18 58.8 10 65.4 168 0.401
  No 45.5 15 41.2 7 34.6 89  
Physically abused Yes 30.3 10 22.2 4 5.8 15 0.001
  No 69.7 23 77.8 14 94.2 242  
Mentally abused Yes 48.5 16 27.8 5 10.2 26 <0.001
  No 51.5 17 72.2 13 89.8 230  
Age at the time of moving away from home (years) Not yet moved 7.1 2 0.0 0 14.4 36 0.090
  11–15 10.7 3 0.0 0 2.4 6  
  16–20 60.7 17 82.4 14 52.0 130  
  21–25 21.5 6 17.6 3 30.8 77  
  >25 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.4 1  
Drug abuse in the family Yes 43.7 14 35.3 6 19.9 51 <0.01
  No 56.3 18 64.7 11 80.1 205  
Criminality in the family Yes 18.8 6 27.8 5 12.1 31 0.097
  No 81.2 26 72.2 13 87.9 225  
  1. 1 Fisher's exact test, 2-sided for three groups