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Table 4 Association between the correlates and past-year gambling problems among patients treated at the outpatient clinics

From: Past-year gambling behaviour among patients receiving opioid substitution treatment

  Gambling problem* n (%) No gambling problems n (%) Significance Odds ratio
Gender    p = 0.606  
 Males 8 (14.8) 79 (85.2)   1.37
 Females 10 (11.2) 46 (88.8)   a
Age    p = 0.803  
 <35 years 8 (11.4) 62 (88.6)   a
 ≥35 years 10 (13.5) 64 (86.5)   1.21
Treatment medication    p = 0.322  
 Methadone 11 (15.5) 60 (84.5)   1.73
 Buprenorphine-naloxone 7 (9.6) 66 (90.4)   a
Treatment program    p = 0.363  
 Rehabilitative 16 (14.3) 96 (85.7)   2.50
 Harm reduction 2 (6.2) 30 (93.8)   a
Treatment combination    p = 0.112  
 Rehabilitative with methadone 10 (21.3) 37 (78.7)   4.05
 Rehabilitative with buprenorphine-naloxone 6 (9.2) 59 (90.8)   1.53
 Harm reduction with either medication 2 (6.2) 30 (93.8)   a
  1. The data (n = 144); *BBGS = 1+, Brief Biosocial Gambling Screen: one or more positive answers (yes) indicated potential past-year gambling problems; Significance is determined by Fischer’s exact test; Odds Ratio is calculated separately for each variable; a, reference group.