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Table 3 Association between the correlates and past-year gambling among the patients

From: Past-year gambling behaviour among patients receiving opioid substitution treatment

  Gambling n (%) No gambling n (%) Significance Odds ratio
Gender    p < 0.001  
 Males 71 (79.8) 18 (20.2)   3.40
 Females 29 (53.7) 25 (46.3)   a
Age    p = 0.368  
 <35 years 52 (74.3) 18 (25.7)   1.47
 ≥35 years 49 (66.2) 25 (33.8)   a
Treatment medication    p = 0.203  
 Methadone 46 (64.8) 25 (35.2)   1.66
 Buprenorphine-naloxone 55 (75.3) 18 (24.7)   a
Treatment program    p = 0.008  
 Rehabilitative 85 (75.9) 27 (24.1)   3.15
 Harm reduction 16 (50.0) 16 (50.0)   a
Treatment combination    p = 0.024  
 Rehabilitative with methadone 36 (76.6) 11 (23.4)   3.27
 Rehabilitative with buprenorphine-naloxone 49 (75.4) 16 (24.6)   3.06
 Harm reduction with either medication 16 (50.0) 16 (50.0)   a
  1. Significance is determined by Fischer’s exact test; Odds Ratio is calculated separately for each variable; a, reference group.