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Table 1 The proportion of endorsed criteria for problem gambling among the patients (n = 144) treated at the outpatient clinics

From: Past-year gambling behaviour among patients receiving opioid substitution treatment



n (%)

1. Neuro-adaptation:

“During the past 12 months, have you become restless, irritable or anxious when trying to stop/cut down on gambling?”

13 (9.0)

2. Psychosocial characteristics

“During the past 12 months, have you tried to keep your family or friends from knowing how much you gambled?”

7 (4.9)

3. Adverse social consequences of gambling

“During the past 12 months did you have such financial trouble as a result of your gambling that you had to get help with living expenses from family, friends or welfare?”

8 (5.6)

Past-year gambling problems*


18 (12.5)

  1. BBGS, Brief Biosocial Gambling Screen; The response options included yes and no. *One or more positive answers (yes) to the questions indicated potential past-year gambling problems.