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Table 1 The proportion of endorsed criteria for problem gambling among the patients (n = 144) treated at the outpatient clinics

From: Past-year gambling behaviour among patients receiving opioid substitution treatment

Criteria Question n (%)
1. Neuro-adaptation: “During the past 12 months, have you become restless, irritable or anxious when trying to stop/cut down on gambling?” 13 (9.0)
2. Psychosocial characteristics “During the past 12 months, have you tried to keep your family or friends from knowing how much you gambled?” 7 (4.9)
3. Adverse social consequences of gambling “During the past 12 months did you have such financial trouble as a result of your gambling that you had to get help with living expenses from family, friends or welfare?” 8 (5.6)
Past-year gambling problems*   18 (12.5)
  1. BBGS, Brief Biosocial Gambling Screen; The response options included yes and no. *One or more positive answers (yes) to the questions indicated potential past-year gambling problems.