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Table 2 Male gender as predictor of daily use of betel, areca and smokeless tobacco products in a Pakistani squatter settlement

From: Socio-demographic correlates of betel, areca and smokeless tobacco use as a high risk behavior for head and neck cancers in a squatter settlement of Karachi, Pakistan

  Prevalence (%) Univariate OR [95% CI]
  Males Females  
Paan 12.4 1.0 13.56 [3.16–58.22]
Chaalia 19.7 22.3 0.85 [0.52–1.40]
Gutka 13.5 0.5 29.69 [4.01–219.70]
Niswar 25.4 5.2 6.22 [3.05–12.70]
Tumbaku 13.5 1.0 14.86 [3.48–63.56]
Overall 50.3 28.5 2.53 [1.66–3.86]